MEDELMedel wants to recall and reassure all its partners, all European Prosecutors and Judges and the public opinion, its commitment to the rule of law and the defense of the constitutionally established legality.

The questioning directed to the judicial decisions that have imposed measures that limit the rights of several former Consellers of the Generalitat de Catalunya and representatives of independentist associations investigated by the Audiencia Nacional – criticism that in the Democratic States which we live in can be exercised with total freedom ‑ should not lead us to insinuate, in any case, that in Spain the guarantees and rights of persons subjected to a criminal procedure are not comparable to those of any nation in our European area.

Murat ArslanThe Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) has announced in its plenary meeting held today in Strasbourg, France, that the winner of the 2017 Václav Havel Human Rights Prize is Murat Arslan, a Turkish Judge, president of YARSAV, an independent Turkish Judges Association, imprisoned since 19th of October 2016.

The Václav Havel Human Rights Prize is awarded each year by the PACE in partnership with the Václav Havel Library and the Charta 77 Foundation to reward outstanding civil society action in the defence of human rights in Europe and beyond.

Murat Arslan was nominated for this prize by MEDEL – Magistrats Européens pour la Démocratie et les Libertés, as well as by UIM – Union Internationale des Magistrats, with the support of the other international associations that form the Platform for an Independent Judiciary in Turkey – Judges for Judges and Association of European Administrative Judges.

MEDELMEDEL (Magistrats européens pour la démocratie et les libertés) wishes to express its deep concern on the Bill amending and supplementing the Judiciary Act passed at first hearing by the Bulgarian Parliament.

In its letter dated 25 July 2016 to the Speaker of Bulgarian Parliament, MEDEL stated the reasons against the introduction of the requirement for magistrates (judges and prosecutors) to declare their membership to professional organisations. Such requirement unreasonably limits their right to free association as guaranteed by the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.

MEDELMEDEL has been following with an increasing concern the development of the situation in Poland. Only on 1st July 2017, the General Assembly of MEDEL adopted a communiqué on the Constitutional Court in Poland, calling the EU institutions to continue the dialogue with Polish authorities in order to restore the Rule of Law. Since then, the governing majority in Poland has taken further steps to weaken the judicial independence which will deeply undermine the fundaments of the democratic rule of law state.

On 12th July 2017, Sejm – the lower chamber of the Polish Parliament - adopted the laws amending the Law on the National Judicial Council and the Law on Common Courts. They were already confirmed by the higher chamber of the Parliament (Senat), acting in hasty proceedings, without proper debate and consideration, and now both laws are waiting for the signature of the President of the state. The Law on the National Judicial Council provides inter alia the expiry of the term of office of its judicial members and the election of the new ones not by their peers, but by politicians.

Association of European Administrative Judges (AEAJ) European Association of Judges (EAJ), Judges for Judges, Magistrats Européens pour la Démocratie et les Libertés (MEDEL)

The assessment of the status of the justice system in Turkey clearly proves that the independence of the judiciary is abolished.

The Platform for an Independent Judiciary in Turkey refers to its previous declarations and to the attached summary on the developments and their results.

It is urgent to return to the rule of law and to bring back to the Turkish people the fundamental rights of which they had been deprived.

The Platform urges

I.) the Turkish authorities

• to end the pressure which is directly exercised on Turkish judges and prosecutors, who are in charge of the procedures subsequent to the terrible attempt of the coup d´etat, and indirectly by influencing the High Council of Judges and Prosecutors.

• to reestablish the procedural rules, which are necessary to guarantee a fair procedure,

• to make the observation of the court hearings by international observers possible

MEDELFor decades Constitutional Courts in Europe played a significant role in the preservation of the Rule of law, the protection of the individual’s fundamental rights and the strengthening of democracy. Nowadays, although the position of Constitutional Courts seems to be solid in most of European countries, it is MEDEL obligation to further underline their importance, especially in times of economical and immigrant crises, and to recommend to even strengthen their role, when simple and dangerous solutions proposed by populists all over the continent may attract many Europeans.

International Conference: Constitutional Courts: Between the Political and the JuridicalProgram of the conference organized by MEDEL, ASJP and UCP. June 30th 2017, Universidade Católica Portuguesa - Porto, Carvalho Guerra Auditorium

MEDEL

Dans un monde inquiet, garantir les droits est plus que jamais nécessaire au coeur des sociétés qui perdent leurs repères(1).

INDEPENDANCE: Acteur clef de l’Etat de droit démocratique, elle est, selon des degrés divers, atteinte dans l’ensemble des pays; cela va de l’insuffisance des garanties statutaires à une totale ingérence du pouvoir exécutif voire à une détérioration. Les Conseils de justice -présents dans l’immense majorité des pays- doivent garantir l’indépendance de la justice et promouvoir un fonctionnement de celle-ci au service de tous ; leur composition doit garantir leur indépendance et respecter le pluralisme du système judiciaire.

MEDELLe glas de la démocratie ne cesse de sonner en Turquie et le référendum constitutionnel tendant à donner les pleins pouvoirs à Recep Tayyip Edogan le fera résonner une nouvelle fois.

La fin de l’état de droit démocratique en TURQUIE

Tout se passe dans un contexte de répression arbitraire allant crescendo depuis le coup d’état raté du 15 juillet pour atteindre une ampleur considérable : près de 45 000 personnes ont été arrêtées (dont 3800 magistrats, 300 avocats, 140 journalistes, des élus, notamment 12 députés, des universitaires...), plus de 150 000 ont été limogées dont un quart des magistrats en poste à la mi-juillet. Ces chiffres -pouvant varier selon les sources mais restant toujours dans le même ordre de grandeur- traduisent une volonté de faire régner la peur bien au-delà de la sphère « complotiste ».

EUThis 25th of March 2017 we celebrate the 60th anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Rome, which marks the beginning of the process of European integration that led to the creation of the European Union.

What began as a project of peace building through economic integration quickly evolved to be the most ambitious process of peaceful social, political and juridical harmonisation of sovereign nations ever to be found in modern history.

MEDEL – MagistratsEuropéens pour la Démocratie et les Libertés, founded in 1985, has since the beginning inscribed within in its goals “the establishment of a common debate among magistrates from different Countries to support European community integration, in view of the creation of a European political union”.

You are here: MEDEL News Featured News