Syndicat de la magistratureLettre ouverte que le Syndicat de la Magistrature vient d’adresser au Président de la République E. Macron au sujet de sa rencontre prévue demain avec Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Président de la Turquie:

Monsieur le Président de la République, Vous allez recevoir demain Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Président de la Turquie.

Nous avons déjà eu l’occasion de vous alerter sur les graves dérives frappant ce pays depuis le coup d’Etat manqué du 15 juillet 2016, en particulier la mainmise du pouvoir exécutif sur la justice et la dégradation générale de l’Etat de droit.

Sous couvert d’état d’urgence et de lutte anti-terroriste, des dizaines de milliers de personnes sont victimes d’une répression arbitraire ne cessant de s’aggraver et atteignant toutes les catégories de la population : avocats, journalistes, enseignants, universitaires, chercheurs… Ainsi 150 000 agents publics, au moins, ont été révoqués, près de 50 000 sont en prison, plus de 170 journalistes sont en détention, plusieurs dizaines d’avocats sont incarcérés… Quant à nos collègues, juges et procureurs, cibles prioritaires de cette persécution, ils sont environ 4500 à être révoqués et 2500 incarcérés. Cette véritable purge de la justice a pour objet de l’inféoder au pouvoir exécutif en étouffant toute velléité d’indépendance.

Protests in PolandFilipe Marques, president of MEDEL, gave an interview to a Portuguese news radio station (TSF) about the situation in Poland and the decision of the EU Commission to start the article 7 procedure against Poland.

MEDELWith deep concern and regret MEDEL maintains its view presented in the statement of July 18th, 2017 on the reform of the Supreme Court and the Judicial Council in Poland. Unfortunately, the rule of law in Poland is even at higher risk than it was five months ago. The act on the system of common courts, adopted on July 28th, 2017 empowers the Minister of Justice to revoke current Presidents of all levels of all ordinary courts without any justification, based on his arbitrary decision. 33 presidents were dismissed so far, usually by a single-sentence fax sent overnight.

The retirement age of judges has been decreased to 60 years for women and 65 for men, with mandatory dismissal of the judge from the post when reaching retirement age. A judge may only keep the post upon arbitrary permission of the Minister of Justice.

MEDEL CA in Kraków

On December 9th, 2017, MEDEL held its Council of Administration meeting in Kraków, Poland, preceded by a conference held on December 8th in the Faculty of Law and Administration of the Jagiellonian University, co-organized by Iustitia, MEDEL and the Jagiellonian University, subject to the theme “COURTS MANAGEMENT AND ACCESS TO JUSTICE SYSTEM”.

The conference was highly participated and had speakers from various countries and judicial systems.

The full program can be found here.

 

MEDELMedel wants to recall and reassure all its partners, all European Prosecutors and Judges and the public opinion, its commitment to the rule of law and the defense of the constitutionally established legality.

The questioning directed to the judicial decisions that have imposed measures that limit the rights of several former Consellers of the Generalitat de Catalunya and representatives of independentist associations investigated by the Audiencia Nacional – criticism that in the Democratic States which we live in can be exercised with total freedom ‑ should not lead us to insinuate, in any case, that in Spain the guarantees and rights of persons subjected to a criminal procedure are not comparable to those of any nation in our European area.

Murat ArslanThe Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) has announced in its plenary meeting held today in Strasbourg, France, that the winner of the 2017 Václav Havel Human Rights Prize is Murat Arslan, a Turkish Judge, president of YARSAV, an independent Turkish Judges Association, imprisoned since 19th of October 2016.

The Václav Havel Human Rights Prize is awarded each year by the PACE in partnership with the Václav Havel Library and the Charta 77 Foundation to reward outstanding civil society action in the defence of human rights in Europe and beyond.

Murat Arslan was nominated for this prize by MEDEL – Magistrats Européens pour la Démocratie et les Libertés, as well as by UIM – Union Internationale des Magistrats, with the support of the other international associations that form the Platform for an Independent Judiciary in Turkey – Judges for Judges and Association of European Administrative Judges.

MEDELMEDEL (Magistrats européens pour la démocratie et les libertés) wishes to express its deep concern on the Bill amending and supplementing the Judiciary Act passed at first hearing by the Bulgarian Parliament.

In its letter dated 25 July 2016 to the Speaker of Bulgarian Parliament, MEDEL stated the reasons against the introduction of the requirement for magistrates (judges and prosecutors) to declare their membership to professional organisations. Such requirement unreasonably limits their right to free association as guaranteed by the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.

MEDELMEDEL has been following with an increasing concern the development of the situation in Poland. Only on 1st July 2017, the General Assembly of MEDEL adopted a communiqué on the Constitutional Court in Poland, calling the EU institutions to continue the dialogue with Polish authorities in order to restore the Rule of Law. Since then, the governing majority in Poland has taken further steps to weaken the judicial independence which will deeply undermine the fundaments of the democratic rule of law state.

On 12th July 2017, Sejm – the lower chamber of the Polish Parliament - adopted the laws amending the Law on the National Judicial Council and the Law on Common Courts. They were already confirmed by the higher chamber of the Parliament (Senat), acting in hasty proceedings, without proper debate and consideration, and now both laws are waiting for the signature of the President of the state. The Law on the National Judicial Council provides inter alia the expiry of the term of office of its judicial members and the election of the new ones not by their peers, but by politicians.

JusticeDeclaration of all the former Presidents of the Constitutional Court of Poland on the recent laws put forward by the government, that undermine the Rule of Law.

Déclaration des anciens Présidents de la Cour constitutionnelle de Pologne

Il n’y a point d’État de droit sans administration indépendante de la justice. Les projets de lois sur le fonctionnement des tribunaux ordinaires, du Conseil national de la magistrature et de la Cour suprême, qui modifient de facto la Constitution, conduiront à abolir l’indépendance et l’autonomie des juridictions polonaises par rapport aux autorités politiques.

L’adoption de ces lois, qui instaurent une influence décisive et non soumise à contrôle d’un ou deux responsables politiques sur la nomination des présidents de tribunaux, sur la composition du Conseil national de la magistrature et sur la dissolution de la Cour suprême actuelle ainsi que la création d’une « nouvelle » Cour suprême – l’autorité judiciaire la plus importante de notre État – rend non seulement impossible tout contrôle de la légalité des actes émanant des autres autorités, mais encore annihile la protection des droits et libertés des citoyens.

MEDELFor decades Constitutional Courts in Europe played a significant role in the preservation of the Rule of law, the protection of the individual’s fundamental rights and the strengthening of democracy. Nowadays, although the position of Constitutional Courts seems to be solid in most of European countries, it is MEDEL obligation to further underline their importance, especially in times of economical and immigrant crises, and to recommend to even strengthen their role, when simple and dangerous solutions proposed by populists all over the continent may attract many Europeans.

You are here: MEDEL News Europe News