ENCJThe ENCJ reiterates its unreserved condemnation of the recent attempted coup in Turkey. The loss of life incurred in this attack on a democratically elected government is inexcusable. Those responsible should be made accountable through an open, fair and impartial judicial process conforming with international standards.

The ENCJ has expressed its concern, both before and after the attempted coup, that the approach of the High Council for Judges and Prosecutors to the transfer, suspension, removal and prosecution of judges has not been consistent with the principles of judicial independence. The ENCJ has received persuasive information that these procedures have taken place without respecting the principles referred to above.

The board of the ENCJ has repeatedly requested the Turkish High Council for Judges and Prosecutors for details of the procedures followed relating to the extraordinary mass dismissal of thousands of judges and prosecutors and to demonstrate that minimum international standards in relation to disciplinary proceedings against judges and prosecutors have been followed. To date no satisfactory response has been received to these vital inquiries.

As a result of the information that the ENCJ has received and the failure of the Turkish High Council to provide any satisfactory response to it, the board is forced to conclude that the Turkish High Council for Judges and Prosecutors no longer meets the requirements of the ENCJ that it is independent of the executive and legislature so as to ensure the independence of the Turkish Judiciary. The board of the ENCJ has accordingly resolved unanimously to propose to its General Assembly the suspension of the status of Observer to the ENCJ of the HSYK. To this end it has called an extraordinary general meeting which will take place in December 2016.

Scuola Superiore della Magistratura (Photo: www.scuolamagistratura.it)Dear Miss Seda Arslan, the Scuola Superiore della Magistratura (hereinafter SSM) has received the invitation sent by the Turkish Judicial Academy for the participation in the "workshop program of Comparative Law Studies on Judicial Training" planned for the second half of November in Turkey.

The SSM board of Directors, in its meeting held on 6 September 2016, has unanimously decided to reject the invitation.

On July 21, 2016, the SSM joined the statement issued the day before by the Italian Consiglio Superiore della Magistratura, that expressed indignation and concern because of the arrest and dismissal of more than 2700 Turkish judges and prosecutors following the post-coup crackdown. It urged the Turkish Authorities to respect judicial independence, fair trial and fundamental rights and exhorted them to comply with the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights. At the same time, the Italian Judicial Council decided to suspend every form of cooperation with the Turkish Judicial Council.

Since then, according to press headlines, the situation has not changed in Turkey. More than 1600 judges and prosecutors are still detained, together with professors, journalists and public employees; thousands were dismissed from the profession.

MEDEL SMMP MPDAccording to most recent information on Turkish judiciary, 2.847 judges and prosecutors were dismissed following a decision of the Turkish High Council for judges and prosecutor (HSYK) on 24.8.2016.

Such decision appears to have been adopted:

- Without hearings of judges and prosecutors subject to the procedure;
- Without right of defence;
- Without individual assessment;

- Without allegation of objective facts;
- On grounds of emergency based upon suspicions and alleged personal relations.

Representatives of Ministério Público Democrático, Sindicato dos Magistrados do Ministério Público and MEDEL (Magistrats Européens pour la Démocratie et les Libertés), gathered in São Paulo on the occasion of the 5th Congress of MPD, assist astonished to the infringements, in such a procedure, of the principles of Rule of Law, Independence of the Judiciary, rules for disciplinary procedures, objective grounds for liability, individual responsibility.

Letter to the High Judicial Council of Turkey by the Platform for an Independent Judiciary in TurkeyLetter sent today to the High Judicial Council of Turkey by the Platform for an Independent Judiciary in Turkey:

Honorable President, The international associations of  judges, united in this platform, have learnt that the High Council of Judges and Prosecutors (HSYK) is currently dealing with the removal and dismissal of 3500 judges and prosecutors who are suspended and under criminal investigation. A majority of this group is presently detained.

Regarding this difficult, highly sensitive and far-reaching act, the below mentioned  international associations, strongly appeal to the High Council of Judges and Prosecutors that these decisions on the dismissal/removal ofjudges should be in line with international and European standards.

In the light of the fact that irremovability of  judges is an essential element of judicial  independence, these standards provide only for very limited and specific exceptions from this principle to be applied only within the framework of due procedure.

American Bar AssociationAmerican Bar Association,
Massachusetts Bar Association
Report to The House of Delegates
Adopted as Revised

Resolution

RESOLVED, That the American Bar Association, which supports the independence of the judiciary and the legal profession and opposes any Nation’s state’s detention of individuals without charge or access to counsel, calls upon the Government of the Republic of Turkey to:

Ein junger Mann schaut auf ein auf eine Fahne aufgedrucktes Porträt des türk Präsidenten ErdoganViele der entlassenen und verhafteten Richter und Staatsanwälte sind bei ihren deutschen Kollegen bekannt: Kaum vorstellbar, dass sie alle der Gülen-Bewegung angehören.

Der Deutsche Richterbund, die größte Vereinigung von Richtern und Staatsanwälten hierzulande, hat einen Brief an die Bundeskanzlerin geschrieben: Viele der entlassenen und verhafteten Kollegen seien bei deutschen Richtern bekannt. Es stünde außer Zweifel, dass gerade die Mitglieder der türkischen Richtervereinigung mit dem Namen „Yarsav“  integer seien und sich für den Rechtsstaat engagieren. Yarsav und ihren Mitgliedern Sympathien für die Putschisten oder die Gülen-Bewegung vorzuwerfen, sei nicht nachzuvollziehen.

Richterbund: Türkische Kollegen von „Yarsav“ keine Gülen-Leute

Auch Richter Thomas Guddat kennt  Yarsav. Guddat ist Mitglied einer kleineren deutschen Richterorganisation, der Neuen Richtervereinigung, und berichtet in seinem Dresdner Arbeitszimmer, dass er über internationale Kontakte immer wieder mit türkischen Kollegen von Yarsav zusammen gekommen ist:

„Uns liegen nach dem Putschversuch sehr besorgniserregende Informationen vor. Yarsav-Mitglieder wurden suspendiert und verhaftet. Wir konnten auf Youtube sogar ein Video ansehen, welches einen uns persönlich bekannten türkischen Richterkollegen zeigt, wie er die Hände auf dem Rücken mit Handschellen gefesselt von zwei Polizisten abgeführt wurde.“

Le MondePar Robert Badinter, Virginie Duval, Clarisse Taron, Christophe Régnard et Simone Gaboriau.

Qu’on ne s’y trompe pas : la purge de l’institution judiciaire, de la fonction publique et des médias par le président Recep Tayyip Erdogan n’est pas une réponse à la tentative de coup d’Etat. Il ne s’agit pas de sauvegarder l’Etat de droit, comme on a pu le dire au lendemain du 15 juillet 2016. La lame de fond autoritaire qui sape les fondements des institutions depuis 2013 traduit la volonté du président turc de museler toute opposition. Les récentes révocations en cascade et les arrestations arbitraires s’inscrivent dans la dynamique de neutralisation des contre-pouvoirs à l’œuvre depuis plusieurs années.

Statement by the Union of Judges of the Czech Republic on the removal of judges in TurkeyThe independence of the judiciary is one of the fundamental values of a democratic state and one constituent element of this is the possibility of removing a judge only for the reasons laid down by law within a due process. A state which consciously casts doubt on or infringes the independence of the judiciary deviates from the principles of democracy.

The immediate removal of almost 3,000 judges in Turkey and the imprisonment of some raises fundamental doubts as to adherence to the principle of the independence of the judiciary embedded in UN General Assembly Resolution 90/32 of 29 November 1985 and 40/146 of 13 December 1985, in Council of Europe Recommendation 7/1981, 86/1984, 12/1996 and others, in the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, as amended by Protocols Nos 3, 5, 8 (Article 6(1)) and in the International Pact on Civil and Political Rights (Article 14).

A.D.M.I.A.D.M.I. Associazione Donne Magistrato Italiane esprime dolore per l’inaccettabile situazione in atto in Turchia ove, in una sola notte, sono stati sospesi ‘senza processo’ n.2749 magistrati, un numero che è pari ad un quarto della magistratura turca e molti dei quali anche incarcerati, come peraltro avvenuto anche per tanti avvocati, docenti e funzionari statali.

La situazione con il passare dei giorni non sembra mutare, nonostante il susseguirsi di appelli da tutta Europa e dal mondo, al contrario si susseguono notizie sempre più gravi, tra cui quella della confisca dei beni dei magistrati sospesi e dell'imbavagliamento della stampa, tanto che la Turchia appare oggi ben lontana dai valori di civiltà giuridica europea. La situazione in atto, infatti, è incompatibile con le regole dello Stato di diritto e delle libertà fondamentali e lo è pur la Turchia facendo parte del Consiglio d'Europa ed avendo -tra le altre- sottoscritto la Convenzione dei Diritti dell'Uomo, di cui costituisce certo grave violazione l’avvenuta lesione della indipendenza ed autonomia dei giudici.

Network of the Presidents of the Supreme Judicial Courts of the European UnionThe Network of the Presidents is deeply concerned arising from reports of the recent removal from office of over 2,700 members of the Judiciary and prosecutors in Turkey, and of orders for the arrest of many Judges and Prosecutors.

Immediately following the attempted coup the Turkish Republic has suspended, dismissed and/or arrested thousands of people, including many Judges. Among those are judges of the Council of State and the Court of Cassation of Turkey. The number of citizens involved, and the announcement by the President of the Republic of Turkey of the possible restoration of the death penalty, also raise serious concerns.

Der BundesgerichtshofDas Netzwerk der Präsidentinnen und Präsidenten der Obersten Gerichtshöfe der Europäischen Union, dem auch die Präsidentin des Bundesgerichtshofs angehört, hat heute eine Stellungnahme zur Situation in der Türkei abgegeben, in der es seine tiefe Besorgnis über die dortigen Geschehnisse zum Ausdruck bringt.

Das Netzwerk sieht die aktuellen Ereignisse, insbesondere die Entlassung und Verhaftung Tausender Richter, als Angriff auf die Unabhängigkeit der Justiz und Bedrohung für den Rechtsstaat in einem Mitgliedsland des Europarates. Es ruft auf zur Beachtung der Rechtsstaatlichkeit und der Menschenrechte und fordert auf zur Anwendung bestehender Monitoring-Instrumente zur Wahrung der Menschenrechte sowohl auf der Ebene des Europarates als auch der Vereinten Nationen.

Joint declaration of the judges' and prosecutors' associations of SerbiaIt is with great concern that Judges’ Association of Serbia and Association of Public Prosecutors and Deputy Public Prosecutors of Serbia follow the situation of their Turkish colleagues, judges and public prosecutors, after the attempted military coup in Turkey.

The Turkish judiciary has, in recent years, faced numerous challenges, as international professional associations MEDEL and IAJ/EAJ, as well as Consultative Council of European Judges, warned in their numerous addresses to the European institutions, though, unfortunately, in vain. Judges and public prosecutors in Turkey, who performed their functions conscientiously and equally towards everyone, endured  pressures  and  threats, were exposed against their will to transfers  (9.000 of them, out of the total of 15.000 in Turkey, during the period of less than two years, were reallocated) to locations several thousands of kilometres away, were also subjected to unjustifiable dismissals  and,  since 2014, even to arrests.

Commisioner for Human Rights Nils MuižnieksIt is with profound concern that I examined the first decree with the force of law (“Kanun Hükmünde Kararname”, KHK/667) adopted within the framework of the state of emergency declared in Turkey last week.

I note that Turkey has submitted a formal notice of derogation to the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) as foreseen under Article 15 of the Convention. As I expressed in a statement last week, I have no sympathy for the coup plotters. I think that those who actively plotted to overthrow democracy must be punished. I am also not putting into question Turkey’s right to declare a state of emergency, nor to derogate from the ECHR. But I must stress that, as recalled by the Secretary General of the Council of Europe, such derogations are not limitless: the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) remains the ultimate authority to determine whether measures taken during the state of emergency are in conformity with the ECHR. One of the criteria used by the Court in this context is whether the measures derogating from the ECHR are taken only to the extent strictly required by the exigencies of the situation.

Le communiqué des organisations françaises de magistrats et d'avocatsArticle 6 de la Convention Européenne des Droits de l'Homme : «Toute personne a droit à ce que sa cause soit entendue équitablement, publiquement et dans un délai raisonnable, par un tribunal indépendant et impartial (...)». Article 16 de la Déclaration des Droits de l'Homme et du Citoyen : « Toute Société dans laquelle la garantie des Droits n'est pas assurée, ni la séparation des Pouvoirs déterminée, n'a point de Constitution».

2 745 juges et procureurs turcs ont été démis de leurs fonctions par le Haut Conseil des Juges et Procureurs (HCJP) le lendemain même de la tentative de coup d’État du 15 juillet 2016. Nombre d'entre eux ont été emprisonnés de manière arbitraire avec leur famille. Aucune explication ne leur a été fournie sur les raisons de cette éviction et aucun droit de se défendre ne leur a même été reconnu.

IALANAIn February 2016 the Turkish Constitutional Court revoked the pre-trial imprisonment imposed upon two journalists who had uncovered support provided by Turkish au- thorities to militant Islamists in Syria. In response, the Turkish President Erdogan threatened the judges: "I don't need to accept [this decision], I want to make thatclear. I don't obey or respect the decision.”i Deeds have now followed these words. The pretext came in the form of the failed coup attempt by parts of the Turkish military in the night from July 15 to July 16, 2016. Since that night, the executive has re- moved almost 3000 judges and state prosecutors from office, with the majority of them also detained. It seems apparent that lists of targets had already been drawn up before the event. The suspensions and repression have been extended to include thousands of journalists, teachers, professors, lawyers and employees in various ed- ucational establishments. Newspapers and radio/TV broadcasters have been shut down or brought into line. Invoking the Turkish constitution and Article 15 of the European Convention on Human Rights, the Turkish government has declared a “state of emergency” in order to free itself from further bothersome constitutional limitations.

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